Osteoarthritis, is one of the most debilitating forms of arthritis and it is reported that more than 8.5 million in the UK suffer from it. The vast majority of sufferers will resort to painkillers to ease their symptoms, however, a growing body of research has highlighted the importance of diet to help ease joint pain.
Recent research has been conducted to see if dietary fibre could have an influence on the risk of osteoarthritis in the knee and worsening knee joint pain. Data from 5,000 patients with osteoarthritis were followed for 48 months and then assessed 9 years later.
Analysis of the data showed that eating more fibre is associated with a lower risk of osteoarthritis knee pain, compared with those who took less fibre.
Furthermore, among patients with osteoarthritis, higher intake of fibre and cereal fibre were associated with significantly lower risk of worsening knee pain.
The findings revealed that those who ate a fibre rich diet were 61 percent less likely to go on to develop symptomatic osteoarthritis .
Scientists believe plant compounds could destroy the chemicals known to trigger inflammation, one of the key features of arthritis.
According to the British Nutritious Foundation, dietary fibre is “a term used for plant-based carbohydrates that, unlike other carbohydrates (such as sugars and starch), are not digested in the small intestine and so reach the large intestine or colon”
The health body lists the following sources of dietary fibre:
- Wholegrain breakfast cereals, wholewheat pasta, wholegrain bread and oats, barley and rye
- Fruit such as berries, pears, melon and organs
- Vegetables such as broccoli, carrots and sweetcorn
- Peas, beans and pulses
- Nuts and seeds
- Potatoes with skin.
In addition, new research has investigated the efficacy of using cartilage removed from the nose to replace damaged knee cartilage.
MRI scans revealed that nose cartilage can successfully integrate into the joints.
Furthermore, eight months after the procedure, both reported significantly less pain, better knee function and improved quality of life.
The research has been granted permission to test the approach in another 15 people with knee osteoarthritis.